In response to the increased number of unaccompanied minors coming to the United States from Central America, in December 2014, the US Department of State announced a new program called Central American Minors (CAM) in-country Refugee/Parole processing. This is an in-country refugee/parole program in El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras that will provide some children a safe, legal, and orderly alternative to embarking on the dangerous journey alone to the U.S.
In order to qualify the child must be unmarried and under the age of 21, a citizen of El Salvador, Guatemala or Honduras, and residing in his/her country of nationality AND their parent must be lawfully present in the United States with: Lawful Permanent Residence, Temporary Protected Status (TPS), Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), Deferred Action, Parole (of at least one year), or Withholding of Removal.
In order to apply for this benefit, an eligible parent in the US must file an Affidavit of Relationship (AOS) with a Department of State approved Resettlement Agency. A directory of eligible resettlement agencies can be found online here.